Term Paper: Outline, Structure, Tips


examples of term paper outlines

Term Paper Samples Term papers can be a stressful task to handle because they require a lot of work within a limited amount of time. Due to their heavy workload and limited time, students dread term paper writing and prefer other tasks apart from this. Sure, there can be more or less detailed outlines. The main thing here is that they should be functional and give you a better understanding of how to structure the draft and ultimately the paper itself. Learn how to write a term paper outline with Pro-Papers! Examples of good writing make it look simple when we start essays, those can be complex and more complicated than it has to be. This is why essay outlines exist to help you with the following: Organize Ideas. Essay outlines keep the ideas organized. Without using essay outlines, most essay writers mix up ideas and sometimes go off topic.

How to Outline a Term Paper (with Pictures) - wikiHow

Show less A term paper is usually, but not always, a research-based essay due at the end of a semester or term. In it, you are expected to demonstrate knowledge and mastery of the material covered over the previous term. Your teacher or professor may rely heavily on the quality of your term paper when determining your grade or mark in the course.

Outlines are a way of organizing your thoughts and lending an overall structure to your paper, so that it contains a logical progression and smoothly transitions from one focus to another as you build up your case step-by-step. To outline a term paper, first outline your introduction by writing your thesis statement and adding a few bullet points of what you'll say to kick off your paper. Then, outline the body of your essay by writing a topic sentence for each paragraph you want to include.

You should also add subpoints to each paragraph section that include what evidence you'll be presenting in the paragraph, examples of term paper outlines. Finally, outline your conclusion by writing the main points you'd like to use to wrap up your paper. For help researching and preparing for your term paper, keep reading!

This article was co-authored by Megan Morgan, PhD. Categories: Academic Writing Research Papers. There are 18 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. Review your assignment. You may have been given an assignment or prompt for your paper, or a description of it may be found in your syllabus. Do not wait until a day examples of term paper outlines the paper is due to email your instructor a question about the paper.

This delay also suggests to your instructor that you have not planned ahead or given the assignment the proper attention. Decide on a topic. You may have been assigned a topic, or you may be free to choose your own. Is it to persuade, inform, argue, or analyze?

Do your research. Most term papers require research. You should begin to gather research materials before you outline and write your essay. Librarians are excellent resources who can guide you to credible and relevant research sources. Make sure your sources are reliable, examples of term paper outlines. Keep track of your sources.

EndNote and RefWorks are very handy for keeping a record of sources you consult. You may have access to these through your school. Make sure you record the page numbers and sources for any quotations you copy out. Develop your topic. You should generate some ideas about your topic before you try to organize your paper. You may find that prewriting exercises can help you get started.

Here are a few you can try: [4] Try freewriting. Write for minutes about whatever comes to mind about your topic. You can repeat this exercise multiple times to generate ideas. Clustering is a type of mind-mapping that can help you see connections between ideas. Start by writing your topic on the center of a piece of paper and draw a box around it. Then, draw a few lines extending from the box.

At the end of each of these lines, write down an idea that corresponds to this topic and circle each. Write each question on a separate sheet of paper and respond to the question in as much detail as you can. Write a working thesis. Your thesis statement will likely evolve as you write your term paper.

This type of thesis rarely works for term papers, as they are longer and more complex essays. Go with a statement that states the main focus or claim for your paper. Start early. A term paper is usually longer than other types of essays, and it often counts for a significant portion of your grade. Additionally, a term paper usually examples of term paper outlines research that takes time and work to produce.

Work on your paper in stages, if you can. Give yourself at least a day between examples of term paper outlines stage to allow you to come to the paper with fresh eyes. Begin with your introduction. This may involve explanatory remarks of what your field entails, what the purpose of your paper is, and contextual information that your reader needs in order to understand your argument.

Your thesis and argument is likely to evolve as you write, so spending too much time on the introduction up front may be a waste of time. Introductions usually begin with a broad statement and narrow in until you present your thesis statement.

Provide a few bullet points about where you will start and include your thesis statement. Write topic sentences for each paragraph. Separate different topics into different sections or paragraphs, so that each paragraph deals with one main idea. A good topic sentence will be informative, directional, examples of term paper outlines, and interesting.

Once you have your topic sentences, you will have an idea of what your examples of term paper outlines will discuss. You can now decide how to organize these paragraphs in the first level of your outline. II is your first body paragraph, III is your second body paragraph, and so forth. Place each Roman numeral on a new line, followed by a topic sentence. You may find that as you develop your paragraphs further, they fit better in other sections of the paper.

Fill in subpoints on the second level of your outline. This level incorporates subpoints of your main point. They will form the body of your body paragraphs. Indent the second level about 0. Many word processing programs will do this automatically. List your subtopics beneath your topic sentence. Each subtopic should be related to the main goal or idea of the paragraph. Use your research and the material you generated during prewriting to help you fill in this level.

Expand on subpoints with a third outline level. If you need to, you can use a third outline level to expand on your subpoints. This level uses Arabic numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, etc. Provide a conclusion in the last section. Your conclusion will wrap up your argument for your reader. It should return your thesis, but should not restate it exactly, examples of term paper outlines. You do not have to write a full conclusion while outlining.

Common ways to conclude an essay including returning to the theme you introduced in the introduction, extending the relevance of your argument to a broader context or concern, proposing a course of action or solution to a problem, or ending with a provocative question. Choose a decimal outline structure if you prefer. Although it is less common than the standard alphanumeric organization, you can also organize examples of term paper outlines outline using only Arabic numbers and decimal points, examples of term paper outlines.

This type of outline is sometimes used in the final term paper as well, to identify headings and subheadings in a longer work. Change the number after the decimal point to reflect new information, examples of term paper outlines.

Reverse-outline your first draft. After you have finished writing your first draft, let it sit for a day, if you can. Return to it with fresh eyes and read it through from start to finish. As you read, briefly summarize the main argument of each paragraph. You can do this off to the side of the paper, on a separate sheet of paper, or as a comment in a word processing document.

You can also use a key phrase or a few keywords. Consider splitting your paragraph into two paragraphs so that you can devote one to each idea. Examine this reverse outline. Do the ideas progress logically? Do they seem to build on one another to create momentum for your argument? Or do they wander around?! You may need to consider moving paragraphs around, examples of term paper outlines. Cut your paper up by paragraph. Print out the draft and cut it up into its separate paragraphs.

Physically swap the paragraphs around. Do they make better sense in another order? In a strong term paper, each paragraph will build upon the previous one, so that there is only one ideal way to structure them for your argument.


FREE 32+ Sample Essay Outlines in PDF | DOC | Examples


examples of term paper outlines


Examples of good writing make it look simple when we start essays, those can be complex and more complicated than it has to be. This is why essay outlines exist to help you with the following: Organize Ideas. Essay outlines keep the ideas organized. Without using essay outlines, most essay writers mix up ideas and sometimes go off topic. Below you can find a sample outline of a term paper, dedicated to the topic of dobyermansa.ga should organize yours in the same way, or in accordance with some special requirements of your tutor. Do not forget to apply proper format and use the required citation style. Term Paper Term Paper Outline. Your term paper outline is your reliable compass throughout the writing process. Here, you arrange all the points that you are going to discuss in your term paper. Mostly you do it for yourself. It will always help you stay focused and stick to the main points in your paper.